Appendix D
Final ranking of offences in penalty categories

Ctgy Rank Section Act Offence Current max
A 1 172 Crimes Murder Life
A 2 74(1) Crimes Treason Life
A 3 92(1)(a) Crimes Piracy (with murder, attempted murder, or endangering life) Life
A 4 94(1)(a) Crimes Piratical act (with murder, attempted murder, or endangering life) Life
B 1 98D Crimes Trafficking people by means of coercion or deception 20 years
B 2 298B Crimes Contaminating food, crops, water 10 years
B 3 98AA Crimes Dealing in people under 18 for sexual exploitation, body parts, forced labour 14 years
B 4 98 Crimes Dealing in slaves 14 years
B 5 128B Crimes Sexual violation 20 years
B 6 235 Crimes Aggravated robbery 14 years
C 1 98C Crimes Smuggling migrants 20 years
C 2 177 Crimes Manslaughter Life
C 3 180(1) Crimes Homicide as part of suicide pact Life
C 4 173 Crimes Attempted murder 14 years
C 5 182 Crimes Killing unborn child 14 years
C 6 79 Crimes Sabotage 10 years
C 7 191(1) Crimes Aggravated wounding 14 years
C 8 188(1) Crimes Wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily harm 14 years
C 9 200(1) Crimes Poisoning with intent to cause grievous bodily harm 14 years
C 10 201 Crimes Infecting with disease 14 years
C 11 208 Crimes Abducting for purposes of marriage or sexual connection 14 years
C 12 209 Crimes Kidnapping 14 years
C 13 92(1)(b) Crimes Piracy (without murder, attempted murder, or endangering life) 14 years
C 14 94(1)(b) Crimes Piratical act (without murder, attempted murder, or endangering life) 14 years
D 1 232(1) Crimes Aggravated burglary 14 years
D 2 6(2)(a) Misuse of Drugs Import, export, manufacture, supply etc of Class A drug Life
D 3 132(1) Crimes Sexual connection with child under 12 14 years
D 4 144A(1)(a)
Part 1
Crimes Sexual connection with child under 12 outside New Zealand 14 years
D 5 129(1) Crimes Attempted sexual violation 10 years
D 6 129(2) Crimes Assault with intent to commit sexual violation 10 years
D 7 234 Crimes Robbery 10 years
D 8 236(1) Crimes Causing gbh with intent to rob 14 years
D 9 238 Crimes Blackmail 14 years
D 10 142A Crimes Compelling indecent act with animal 14 years
D 11 109(2) Crimes Perjury for offence three years 14 years
D 12 183 Crimes Procuring abortion by any means 14 years
E 1 267(1) Crimes Arson causing danger to life, damages immovable property or aircraft, ship etc. 14 years
E 2 269(1) Crimes Destroying property knowing danger to life 10 years
E 3 250(1) Crimes Destruction or interfering with computer system resulting in danger to life 10 years
E 4 116 Crimes Conspiring to defeat justice 7 years
E 5 100(1) Crimes Judicial corruption in judicial capacity 14 years
E 6 113 Crimes Fabricating evidence 7 years
E 7 239(1) Crimes Using force or threats to execute documents 14 years
E 8 298A Crimes Causing disease or sickness in animals 10 years
E 9 188(2) Crimes Wounding with intent to injure, or with reckless disregard 7 years
E 10 199 Crimes Acid throwing with intent to injure 14 years
E 11 189(1) Crimes Injuring with intent to cause grievous bodily harm 10 years
E 12 6(2)(b) Misuse of Drugs Import, export, manufacture, supply etc of Class B drug 14 years
E 13 132(3) Crimes Indecent act on child under 12 10 years
E 14 144A(1)(a)
Part 3
Crimes Indecent act on child under 12 outside New Zealand 10 years
E 15 179 Crimes Aiding and abetting suicide 14 years
E 16 78 Crimes Espionage 14 years
E 17 77 Crimes Inciting mutiny 10 years
E 18 76 Crimes Party to treason 7 years
F 1 256(1) Crimes Forgery of document for advantage 10 years
F 2 267(2) Crimes Arson (property other than s267(1)) 7 years
F 3 191(2) Crimes Aggravated injury 7 years
F 4 130 Crimes Incest 10 years
F 5 10(2)(a) Misuse of Drugs Aiding offence against corresponding law in another country (section 6) 14 years
F 6 132(2) Crimes Attempt to have sexual connection with child under 12 10 years
F 7 144A(1)(a)
Part 2
Crimes Attempted sexual connection with child under 12 outside New Zealand 10 years
F 8 134(1) Crimes Sexual connection with young person under 16 10 years
F 9 144A(1)(b)
Part 1
Crimes Sexual connection with young person under 16 outside New Zealand 10 years
F 10 144C Crimes Organising or promoting child sex tours 7 years
F 11 204A Crimes Female genital mutilation 7 years
F 12 231 Crimes Burglary 10 years
F 13 195A Crimes Failure to protect child or vulnerable adult 10 years
G 1 95 Crimes Attempted Piracy 14 years
G 2 307A Crimes Threats of widespread harm to people or property 7 years
G 3 117 Crimes Corrupting juries and witnesses 7 years
G 4 98A Crimes Participation in organised criminal group 10 years
G 5 102(1) Crimes Corruption by Minister 14 years
G 6 104(1) Crimes Corruption by law enforcement officer 7 years
G 7 119 Crimes Prison break 7 years
G 8 195 Crimes Ill treatment/neglect of child or vulnerable adult 10 years
G 9 236(2) Crimes Assault with intent to rob 7 years
G 10 257 Crimes Knowingly using a forged document 10 years
G 11 258 Crimes Altering documents with intent to deceive 10 years
G 12 100(2) Crimes Judicial corruption in official capacity 7 years
G 13 101(1) Crimes Bribery of judicial official in judicial capacity 7 years
G 14 134(3) Crimes Indecent act on young person under 16 7 years
G 15 144A(1)(b)
Part 3
Crimes Indecent act on young person under 16 outside New Zealand 7 years
G 16 272 Crimes Possessing or making an explosive to commit crime 2 years
G 17 55 Arms Carrying of firearm etc with criminal intent 5 years
G 18 109(1) Crimes Perjury 7 years
G 19 11 Mse Drugs Stealing/receiving controlled drugs 7 years
G 20 223(a) Crimes Theft by person in special relationship 7 years (s223(a))
G 21 229 Crimes Criminal breach of trust 7 years
G 22 260 Crimes False accounting 10 years
G 23 266(3) Crimes Making counterfeit coins 10 years
G 24 138(1) Crimes Sexual exploitation of a person with significant impairment 10 years
G 25 198B Crimes Commission of crime with possession of firearm showing prima facie intent 10 years
G 26 186 Crimes Supplying means of procuring abortion 7 years
G 27 189(2) Crimes Injuring with intent to injure, or with reckless disregard 5 years
G 28 204B(1) Crimes Sending child overseas for genital mutilation 7 years
G 29 204B(2) Crimes Aiding overseas act of genital mutilation 7 years
G 30 204B(3) Crimes Inducing person to submit to genital mutilation outside New Zealand 7 years
H 1 105(1) Crimes Corruption by official 7 years
H 2 54(1) Arms Makes or attempts to make use of any firearm etc with intent to resist lawful arrest 7 years
H 3 198A(1) Crimes Use of firearm against law enforcement officer 14 years
H 4 134(2) Crimes Attempt to have sexual connection with young person under 16 10 years
H 5 144A(1)(b)
Part 2
Crimes Attempted sexual connection with young person under 16 outside New Zealand 10 years
H 6 131(1) Crimes Sexual connection with dependent family member under 18 years 7 years
H 7 6(2)(c) Misuse of Drugs Import, export, manufacture, supply etc of other controlled drug 8 years
H 8 36AA Land Transport Offence against s 7 (driving recklessly or dangerously) or s 22 (failing to stop and ascertain injury) – causing death. 10 years
H 9 36A(3) Land Transport Unauthorised street or drag racing causing death 10 years
H 10 61(3AA) Land Transport Person in charge of motor vehicle causing death with EBA/EBA or under influence of drink and/or drugs so as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle 5 years
H 11 178(1) Crimes Infanticide 3 years
H 12 259 Crimes Using altered document to deceive 10 years
H 13 90 Crimes Riotous damage 7 years
H 14 78A Crimes Wrongful communication, retention, or copying of official information 3 years
H 15 118 Crimes Assisting escape of POWs or Internees 7 years
H 16 198A(2) Crimes Use of firearm to evade lawful arrest 10 years
H 17 54(2) Crimes Possessing a firearm, explosive etc while committing offence of three years imprisonment 5 years
H 18 263 Crimes Possessing forged bank notes 7 years
H 19 10(2)(b) Misuse of Drugs Aiding offence against corresponding law in another country (other than s 6) 7 years
H 20 102(2) Crimes Bribery of Minister 7 years
I 1 8 Summary Publishing document or thing explaining manufacture of explosives 3 months
I 2 101(2) Crimes Bribery of judicial official in official capacity 7 years
I 3 103(1) Crimes Corruption by Member of Parliament 7 years
I 4 105A Crimes Corrupt use of official information by an official 7 years
I 5 223(b) Crimes Theft exceeding $1,000 7 years
I 6 228 Crimes Dishonestly taking or using document 7 years
I 7 230 Crimes Taking, obtaining, or copying trade secrets 5 years
I 8 239(2) Crimes Use of menace or threats to steal property 7 years
I 9 241(a) Crimes Obtaining by deception exceeding $1,000 7 years
I 10 247(a) Crimes Receiving more than $1,000 7 years
I 11 249(1) Crimes Obtaining property or causing loss from dishonest access to a computer system. 7 years
I 12 250(2) Crimes Damaging a computer system 7 years
I 13 269(2) Crimes Destroying property 7 years
I 14 232(2) Crimes Armed with weapon with intent to commit burglary 5 years
I 15 28 Summary Being found in public place preparing
to commit crime
3 months
I 16 129A(1) Crimes Sexual connection induced by threat 14 years
I 17 135 Crimes Indecent assault 7 years
I 18 121(2) Crimes Law enforcement officer permitting escape 7 years
I 19 122 Crimes Assisting escape of mentally impaired person detained for offence 5 years
J 1 154 Crimes Abandoning child under 6 7 years
J 2 192(1) Crimes Aggravated assault 3 years
J 3 192(2) Crimes Assault obstructing discharge of duty 3 years
J 4 16 Arms Import firearms without permit 1 year
J 5 138(2) Crimes Attempted sexual exploitation of a person with significant impairment 10 years
J 6 138(4) Crimes Indecent assault on of a person with significant impairment 5 years
J 7 105(2) Crimes Bribery of official 7 years
J 8 105C(2) Crimes Bribery of foreign public official 7 years
J 9 105D Crimes Bribery outside New Zealand of foreign public official 7 years (same as s105C)
J 10 120 Crimes Escaping from lawful custody 5 years
J 11 12A(3)(a) Misuse of Drugs Supply or manufacture of equipment or material for offence against s 6(1)(b) or s 9 7 years
J 12 12A(3)(b) Misuse of Drugs Possession of equipment or material for offence against s 6(1)(b) or s 9 5 years
J 13 53(3) Arms Discharges firearm etc in a manner likely to injure or endanger the safety of any person or with reckless disregard 3 years
J 14 48 Arms Discharging firearm in or near a public place or dwelling 3 months
J 15 115(a) Crimes Conspiracy to false accusation for offence three years 14 years
J 16 24 Summary False allegation or report to police 3 months
J 17 264 Crimes Possession of instruments for forgery 10 years
J 18 261 Crimes Counterfeiting public seals 10 years
J 19 176 Crimes Accessory after the fact to murder 7 years
J 20 97 Crimes Accessory after the fact to piracy 7 years
J 21 256(2) Crimes Forgery of document to be acted upon 3 years
J 22 110 Crimes False oaths 5 years
J 23 12AB(2) Misuse of Drugs Section 12AB(2) MDA (Knowingly importing or exporting precursor substance) 7 years
K 1 308 Crimes Damage with intent to intimidate or annoy 3 years
K 2 144A(1)(c) Crimes Sexual connection with young person under 18 outside New Zealand 7 years (see s23(1) Prostitution Reform Act 2003
K 3 131B Crimes Meeting young person under 16 following sexual grooming 7 years
K 4 131(2) Crimes Attempt to have sexual connection with dependent family member under 18 years 7 years
K 5 131(3) Crimes Indecent act on a dependent family member under 18 years 3 years
K 6 193 Crimes Assault with intent to injure 3 years
K 7 202C Crimes Assault with a weapon 5 years
K 8 210 Crimes Abduction of young person under 16 7 years
K 9 197 Crimes Stupefying 5 years
K 10 216J Crimes Exporting, importing, selling intimate visual recording 3 years
K 11 216F Crimes Unlawful disclosure 2 years
K 12 87 Crimes Riot 2 years
K 13 9(2) Misuse of Drugs Cultivation of prohibited plants 7 years
K 14 12(2)(a) Misuse of Drugs Use of premises or vehicle for the commission of any offence involving Class A drug 10 years
K 15 105B Crimes Use or disclosure of personal information disclosed under s 105A 7 years
K 16 49(1) Arms Carrying or discharging a variety of non-weapon firearms (such as bolt gun, tranquiliser gun, flare pistol etc) 3 months
K 17 52(1) Arms Presenting a firearm at another person 3 months
K 18 115(b) Crimes Conspiracy to false accusation for offence involving imprisonment of three years or more 7 years
K 19 266(5) Crimes Using or attempting to use counterfeit coins 3 years
K 20 43(1) Arms Sells a firearm (of limited capacity) to an unlicensed person 3 months
K 21 190 Crimes Injuring by unlawful act 3 years
K 22 202(1) Crimes Setting trap with intent to injure 5 years
K 23 204 Crimes Impeding rescue 10 years
K 24 306 Crimes Threatening to kill or cause grievous bodily harm 7 years
K 25 20A Summary Unauthorised disclosure of certain
official information
3 months
K 26 309 Crimes Conspiracy to prevent collection of rates or tax by force or intimidation 2 years
K 27 51(1) Arms Unlawful possession in public place of pistol, firearm, explosive etc 3 years
K 28 202A(4) Crimes Possession of offensive weapon or disabling substances 3 years
K 29 103(2) Crimes Bribery of Member of Parliament 7 years
L 1 7(2)(b)
part two
Misuse of Drugs Supply of Class C drug 3 months
L 2 39(1) Land Transport Aggravated careless use of vehicle causing injury or death 3 years
L 3 62 Land Transport Causing injury or death in situation where s61 does not apply. 3 years
L 4 129A(2) Crimes Indecent act induced by threat 5 years
L 5 47 Arms Under influence of drink/drug to be incapable of having proper control of firearm etc 3 months
L 6 15 Misuse of Drugs Making false statement in furtherance of licence 1 year
L 7 21 Summary Intimidation 3 months
L 8 145 Crimes Criminal nuisance 1 year
L 9 216I(1) Crimes Possessing an intimate visual recording to publish, export, or sell 3 years
L 10 56(4) Land Transport Driving with excess breath or blood alcohol (third or subsequent) 2 years
L 11 58(3) Land Transport Driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs so as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle (third or subsequent offence) 2 years
L 12 60(3) Land Transport Failure etc (third or subsequent offence)  
L 13 57A(3) Land Transport Driving etc (third or subseqent offence)  
L 14 45(1) Arms Unlawfully carry firearm or explosive 4 years
L 15 242 Crimes False statement by promoter 10 years
L 16 233 Crimes Possession of burglary instrument or disguised with intent to commit crime 3 years
L 17 401 Crimes Contempt of Court 3 months
L 18 32(4) Land Transport Driving while disqualified (third or subsequent) 2 years
L 19 150 Crimes Misconduct in respect of human remains 2 years
L 20 12(2)(b) Misuse of Drugs Use of premises or vehicle for the commission of any offence involving Class B drug 7 years
L 21 194(a) Crimes Assault on a child under 14 2 years
L 22 12B(3) Misuse of Drugs Being in possession of property that is the proceeds of drug offences 5 years
L 23 180(2) Crimes Party to a death from a suicide pact 5 years
L 24 216C Crimes Disclosure of private communication intercepted with device 2 years
L 25 243(3) Crimes Possession of property for money laundering or proceeds of crime 5 years
L 26 251(1) Crimes Sale of software for improperly accessing computer system 2 years
L 27 251(2) Crimes Possession of software for improperly accessing computer system 2 years
M 1 35 Land Transport Offence against s 7 (driving recklessly or dangerously) or s 22 (failing to stop and ascertain injury) – no injury or death involved 3 months
M 2 36A(4) Land Transport Unauthorised street or drag racing - no injury or death caused 3 months
M 3 57(3) Land Transport Person younger than 20 driving with excess breath or blood alcohol 3 months
M 4 86 Crimes Unlawful assembly 1 year
M 5 38(2) Land Transport Careless driving causing injury/death 3 months
M 6 53(1) Arms Causing bodily injury or death through careless use of a firearm 3 years
M 7 12AC(5) Misuse of Drugs Importing or exporting precursor substance without reasonable excuse 1 year
M 8 202(2) Crimes Allowing dangerous trap to remain in place 3 years
M 9 226(1) Crimes Conversion of vehicle or other conveyance 7 years
M 10 271 Crimes Waste or diversion of electricity, gas, or water 5 years
M 11 267(3) Crimes Arson causing damage with disregard for safety of other property 5 years
M 12 15 Arms Licenced gun dealer continuing business after revocation of licence 3 months
M 13 28 Arms Person fails to surrender weapons to police on revocation or surrender of licence 3 months
M 14 114 Crimes Signing/Use of purported affidavit or declaration 3 years
M 15 216H Crimes Making intimate visual recording 3 years
M 16 200(2) Crimes Poisoning with intent to cause annoyance 3 years
M 17 36 Arms Carrying pistol or weapon without authority 3 months
M 18 262 Crimes Counterfeiting corporate seals 5 years
M 19 265 Crimes Dishonestly imitating authorised or customary mark 5 years
M 20 42(1) Arms Offences in respect of licences 3 months
M 21 49A Arms Unlawful possession of firearm or airgun when licence has been revoked 1 year
M 22 111 Crimes False statements or declaration 3 years
M 23 143 Crimes Bestiality 7 years
M 24 41 Arms Failure to surrender airguns or antique weapons following written notification by police 3 months
M 25 5A Summary Disorderly assembly 3 months
M 26 5 Summary Disorderly behaviour on private
premises
3 months
M 27 307 Crimes Threatening to destroy property or injure animal 3 years
M 28 50(1) Arms Unlawful possession of pistol or restricted weapon 3 years
M 29 13A Summary Possession of knives 3 months
M 30 12(2)(c) Misuse of Drugs Use of premises or vehicle for the commission of any offence involving a controlled drug 3 years
M 31 20 Arms Possession of firearm without licence 3 months
M 32 10 Summary Assault on police, prison, or traffic officer 6 months
M 33 194(b) Crimes Assault of female by male 2 years
M 34 196 Crimes Common assault 1 year

N 1 22(2) Misuse of Drugs Failure to comply with ministerial notice regarding controlled drug 3 months (s27)
N 2 23(6)(a) Misuse of Drugs Prescribing Class A or B drug in breach of ministerial notice 6 months (not s27)
N 3 23(7) Misuse of Drugs Midwife prescribing pethidine in breach of ministerial notice 6 months (not s27)
N 4 25(2) Misuse of Drugs Prescribing, procuring, or attempting to procure controlled drug to/by a restricted person 3 months (s27)
N 5 24(1) Misuse of Drugs Medical Practicitioner prescribing controlled drugs to dependent person 3 months
N 6 24(1)(a) Misuse of Drugs Medical or designated prescriber prescribing controlled drug to dependent person 3 months
N 7 22(4) Misuse of Drugs Failure to comply with ministerial notice regarding utensil or pipe 3 months (not s27)
N 8 22(5) Misuse of Drugs Failure to comply with ministerial notice regarding controlled drug (Managing director of body corporate) (not s 27) 3 months
N 9 23(6)(b) Misuse of Drugs Prescribing controlled drug in breach of ministerial notice 3 months (not s27)
N 10 33(2) Land Transport Applying for or obtaining a drivers license while disqualified 3 months
N 11 91 Crimes Forcible entry and detainer 1 year
N 12 126 Crimes Indecent act with intent to insult or offend 2 years
N 13 269(3) Crimes Destroying property with disregard for other property 7 years
N 14 53(2) Arms Leaving loaded firearm in circumstances so as to endanger life 3 years
N 15 13 Summary Things endangering safety 3 months
N 16 21 Arms Illegal possession of airgun 3 months
N 17 56(3) Land Transport Driving with excess breath or blood alcohol (first or second offence) 3 months
N 18 58(2) Land Transport Driving under the influence of drink and/or drugs so as to be incapable of having proper control of the vehicle (first or second offence) 3 months
N 19 14 Summary Possession of burglary tools 3 months
N 20 60(2) Land Transport Failure or refusal to permit blood specimen to be taken or to undergo compulsory impairment test (first or second offence)  
N 21 57a(2) Land Transport Driving while impaired with blood evidence of X offence (first or second offence)  
N 22 206
Part 1
Crimes Bigamy 7 years
N 23 207 Crimes Feigned marriage or civil union 7 years
N 24 223(c) Crimes Theft exceeding $500 but less than $1,000 1 year
N 25 241(b) Crimes Obtaining by deception exceeding $500 but less than $1,000 1 year
N 26 247(b) Crimes Receiving exceeding $500 but less than $1,000 1 year
N 27 216D Crimes Prohibition on dealing in interception devices 2 years
N 28 58 Arms Failing to report bodily injuries or death by person responsible for shooting 3 months
N 29 56 Arms Obstruction of police officer exercising duties in Act 3 months
N 30 16 Misuse of Drugs Obstruction of officers 3 months
N 31 23 Summary Resisting police, prison, or traffic officer 3 months
N 32 32(3) Land Transport Driving while disqualified (first or second offence) 3 months
N 33 19 Misuse of Drugs Failure to comply with demand to produce records or inspect stocks of controlled drugs. 3 months (s27)
N 34 124 Crimes Distribution or exhibition of indecent matter 2 years
N 35 125 Crimes Indecent act in a public place 2 years
N 36 216B Crimes Using interception device to intercept private communication 2 years
N 37 216I(2) Crimes Possessing an intimate visual recording 1 year
N 38 252 Crimes Accessing computer system without authorisation 2 years
N 39 13(1)(b) Misuse of Drugs Possession of unauthorised seed or fruit 1 years
N 40 227 Crimes Being in possession of an instrument for conversion 1 year
N 41 52(2) Arms Presenting anything that causes a person to believe that it is a firearm etc 3 months
N 42 12 Summary Acts endangering safety 3 months
N 43 46(1) Arms Unlawfully in possession of imitation firearm 2 years
N 44 223(d) Crimes Theft not exceeding $500 3 months
N 45 241(c) Crimes Obtaining by deception not exceeding $500 3 months
N 46 247(c) Crimes Receiving not exceeding $500 3 months
O 1 3 Summary Disorderly behaviour 3 months
O 2 121(3) Crimes Failure to perform legal duty resulting in escape 1 year
O 3 181 Crimes Concealing dead body of a child 2 years
O 4 144 Crimes Indecency with animal 3 years
O 5 206
Part 2
Crimes Bigamy (person knew marriage/civil union would be void) 2 years
O 6 207 Crimes Feigned marriage or civil union (person knew marriage/civil union would be void) 2 years
O 7 27 Summary Indecent exposure 3 months
O 8 40 Arms Person in possession of firearm etc fails to provide details to police 3 months
O 9 7(2)(a)
part one
Misuse of Drugs Possession or use of Class A drug 6 months
O 10 6A Summary Associating with violent offenders 3 months
O 11 6B Summary Associating with serious drug offenders 3 months
O 12 29 Summary Being found on property, etc, without reasonable excuse 3 months
O 13 7(2)(b)
part one
Misuse of Drugs Possession or use of controlled drug (other than Class A) 3 months
O 14 13(1)(a) Misuse of Drugs Possession of utensil 1 year
O 15 13(1)(aa) Misuse of Drugs Possession of needle or syringe 1 year
O 16 6 Summary Associating with convicted thieves 3 months